On Being Black During 3 Pandemics

Informational Resources and Articles

“There Wasn’t a Lot of Comforts in Those Days:” African Americans, Public Health, and the 1918 Influenza Epidemic by, Vanessa Northington Gamble, MD, PhD

AAMC Black and African American Physicians Workforce Insights

COVID-19 Isn’t the First Pandemic to Affect Minority Populations Differently. Here’s What We Can Learn From the 1918 Flu” – TIME Magazine

Kaiser Family Foundation – Black Americans and HIV/AIDS: The Basics

Racial bias in pain assessment and treatment recommendations, and false beliefs about biological differences between blacks and whites” by, Hoffman et al (PNAS 2016)

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